Following up on yesterday's post, today's news brings the idea of a Data Protection Compact for Europe. At the occasion of Data Protection Day 2014, EU Commissioner Viviane Reding called for a Compact based on the following eight principles:
1 "We need the Data Protection Reform in the statute book. I wish to see full speed on data protection in 2014."
2 "The reform should not distinguish between the private and the public sector. Citizens would simply not understand a split in times when the public sector collects, collates and sometimes even sells personal data. It is also a very difficult distinction to draw when a local authority can buy storage space on a private cloud."
3 "Laws setting out data protection rules or affecting privacy require public debate because they relate to civil liberties online."
4 "Data collection should be targeted and limited to what is proportionate to the objectives that have been set. Blanket surveillance of electronic communications data is not acceptable."
5 "Laws need to be clear and laws need to be kept up to date. It cannot be that States rely on outdated rules, drafted in a different technological age, to frame modern surveillance programmes."
6 "National security should be invoked sparingly. It should be the exception, rather than the rule."
7 "Without a role for judicial authorities, there can be no real oversight. Executive oversight is good. Parliamentary oversight is necessary. Judicial oversight is key."
8 "A message to our American friends. Data Protection rules should apply irrespective of the nationality of the person concerned. Applying different standards to nationals and non-nationals makes no sense in view of the open nature of the internet."
The full text of Reding's speech is available here.